We've already covered a couple of episodes on sleep, including the cultural issues associated with sleep, then more recently we talked with Dr. Chris Winter about his book The Rested Child where we looked at sleep issues in older children.
But if you have a young child who isn't sleeping well, from the baby stage all the way up to about preschool, this episode is for you! My guest is Macall Gordon, senior lecturer in the Department of Psychology at Antioch University Seattle, and who has studied young children's sleep for 20 years. She's particularly interested in the intersection between children's temperament and their sleep, and how parents of the children she calls 'little livewires' can support these children so everyone gets more sleep.
If you have questions about sleep training - particularly when and how to do it - this episode is for you!
And if you're expecting a baby or have one under the age of one (whether this is your first or not!) you might be interested in the Right From The Start course, which is designed to help you get things right for you from the start. We go in-depth on understanding topics like sleep, feeding, physical, mental, and emotional development, and more - both for baby and for you!
Get all the (research-backed, of course) information you need, plus a supportive community and four group coaching calls during the 8-week course. Enrollment is open from April 3-13, and we start together on Monday April 18. Click the picture below to learn more!
Macall Gordon's website, Little Livewires
Adachi, Y., Sato, C., Nishino, N., Ohryoji, F., Hayama, J., & Yamagami, T. (2009). A brief parental education for shaping sleep habits in 4-month- old infants. Clinical Medicine & Research, 7(3), 85–92.
Blunden, S., & Baills, A. (2013). Treatment of behavioural sleep problems: Asking the parents. Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and Care, 2(2).
Blunden, S., Etherton, H., & Hauck, Y. (2016). Resistance to cry intensive sleep intervention in young children: Are we ignoring children’s cries or parental concerns? Children, 3(2), 8.
Bryanton, J., & Beck, C. T. (2010). Postnatal parental education for optimizing infant general health and parentinfant relationships. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, CD004068.
Byars, K. C., & Simon, S. L. (2016). Behavioral treatment of pediatric sleep disturbance: Ethical considerations for pediatric psychology practice. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 4(2), 241.
Byars, K. C., Yolton, K., Rausch, J., Lanphear, B., & Beebe, D. W. (2012). Prevalence, patterns, and persistence of sleep problems in the first 3 years of life. Pediatrics, 29(2).
Chadez, L. H., & Nurius, P. S. (1987). Stopping bedtime crying: Treating the child and the parents. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 16(3), 212–217.
Coe, C. L., Glass, J. C., Wiener, S. G., & Levine, S. (1983).Behavioral, but not physiological, adaptation to repeated separation in mother and infant primates. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 8(4), 401-409.
Crichton, G. E., & Symon, B. (2016). Behavioral management ofsleep problems in infants under 6 months- -What works? Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 37(2), 164–171.
Cutrona, C. E., & Troutman, B. R. (1986). Social support, infant temperament, and parenting self-efficacy: A mediational model of postpartum depression. Child Development, 1507-1518.
Didden, R., De Moor, J., & Kruit, I. W. (1999). The effects of extinction in the treatment of sleep problems with a child with a physical disability. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 46(2), 247–252.
Douglas, P. S., & Hill, P. S. (2013). Behavioral sleep interventions in the first six months of life do not improve outcomes for mothers or infants: A systematic review. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 34(7), 497–507. https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0b013e31829cafa6
Dubief, A. (2017). Precious little sleep: The complete baby sleep guide for modern parents. Lomhara Press.
Eckerberg, B. (2004). Treatment of sleep problems in families with young children: Effects of treatment on family well-being. Acta Paediatrica, 93(1), 126–134.
Etherton, H., Blunden, S., & Hauck, Y. (2016). Discussion of extinction-based behavioral sleep interventions for young children and reasons why parents may find them difficult. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 12(11), 1535-1543.
Fisher, J. R. W., Wynter, K. H., & Rowe, H. J. (2010). Innovative psycho- educational program to prevent common postpartum mental disorders in primiparous women: A before and after controlled study. BMC Public Health, 10, 432. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-432
France, K. G. (1994). Handling parents' concerns regarding the behavioural treatment of infant sleep disturbance. Behaviour Change, 11(2), 101-109.
Gordon, M. D., & Hill, S. L. (2006, July). “Crying it out:” A critical review of the literature on the use of extinction with infants. Poster presented at the World Infant Mental Health Conference, Paris, France. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.12283.52003
Gordon, M. D., & Hill, S. L. (2009, April). Parenting advice about sleep: Where have we been? Where are we going? Roundtable Chair. Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Conference, Denver, Colorado. April 1-4, 2009.
Heimann, M. (2003). Regression periods in human infancy: An introduction. In M. Heimann (Ed.), Regression periods in human infancy (pp. 1-6). Erlbaum.
Henderson, J. M. T., France, K. G., Owens, J. L., & Blampied, N. M. (2010). Sleeping through the night: The consolidation of self-regulated sleep across the first year of life. Pediatrics, 126(5), e1081-7. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-0976
Hiscock, H., Cook, F., Bayer, J., Le, H. N. D., Mensah, F., Cann, W., … St. James-Roberts, I. (2014). Preventing early infant sleep and crying problems and postnatal depression: A randomized trial. Pediatrics, 133(2), e346– 54. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-1886
Hiscock, H., & Wake, M. (2002). Randomised controlled trial of behavioural infant sleep intervention to improve infant sleep and maternal mood. British Medical Journal, 324(7345), 1062.
Hunter, L., & Walker, J. (2006). Moms on Call: Basic baby care, 0-6 months. Moms on Call LLC. Kopp, C. B. (1989). Regulation of distress and negative emotions: A developmental view. Developmental Psychology, 25(3), 343.
Loutzenhiser, L., Hoffman, J., & Beatch, J. (2014). Parental perceptions of the effectiveness of graduated extinction in reducing infant night-wakings. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 32(3), 282–291. https://doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2014.910864 Matthey, S., & Speyer, J. (2008). Changes in unsettled infant sleep and maternal mood following admission to a parentcraft residential unit. Early Human Development, 84(9), 623–629.
Middlemiss, W., Granger, D. A., Goldberg, W. A., & Nathans, L. (2012). Asynchrony of mother–infant hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis activity following extinction of infant crying responses induced during the transition to sleep. Early Human Development, 88(4), 227-232.
Mindell, J. (1999). Empirically supported treatments in pediatric psychology: Bedtime refusal and night wakings in young children. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 24(6), 465–481. Mindell, J. A., Kuhn, B., Lewin, D. S., Meltzer, L. J., Sadeh, A., & American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2006). Behavioral treatment of bedtime problems and night wakings in infants and young children. Sleep, 29(10), 1263–1276.
Paul, I. M., Savage, J. S., Anzman-Frasca, S., Marini, M. E., Mindell, J. A., & Birch, L. L. (2016). INSIGHT responsive parenting intervention and infant sleep. Pediatrics, 138(1).
Philbrook, L. E., & Teti, D. M. (2016). Associations between bedtime and nighttime parenting and infant cortisol in the first year. Developmental Psychobiology, 58(8), 1087-1100.
Pinilla, T., & Birch, L. L. (1993). Help me make it through the night: Behavioral entrainment of breast-fed infants' sleep patterns. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 48(7), 461–462.
Rapoff, M. A., Christophersen, E. R., & Rapoff, K. E. (1982). The management of common childhood bedtime problems by pediatric nurse practitioners. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 7(2), 179–196.
Reid, M. J., Walter, A. L., & O’Leary, S. G. (1999). Treatment of young children’s bedtime refusal and nighttime wakings: A comparison of “standard” and graduated ignoring procedures. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 27(1), 5–16.
Santos, I. S., Bassani, D. G., Matijasevich, A., Halal, C. S., Del-Ponte, B., da Cruz, S. H., ... & Silveira, M. F. (2016). Infant sleep hygiene counseling (sleep trial): Protocol of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1), 307.
Schore, A. N. (1996). The experience-dependent maturation of a regulatory system in the orbital prefrontal cortex and the origin of developmental psychopathology. Development & Psychopathology, 8, 59- 87.
Sleep, J., Gillham, P., St James-Roberts, I., & Morris, S. (2002). A randomized controlled trial to compare alternative strategies for preventing infant crying and sleep problems in the first 12 weeks: The COSI study. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 3(3), 176–183.
St James-Roberts, I., Sleep, J., Morris, S., Owen, C., & Gillham, P. (2001). Use of a behavioural programme in the first 3 months to prevent infant crying and sleeping problems. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 37(3), 289–297.
Stremler, R., Hodnett, E., Kenton, L., Lee, K., Weiss, S., Weston, J., & Willan, A. (2013). Effect of behaviouraleducational intervention on sleep for primiparous women and their infants in early postpartum: multisite randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 346, f1164.
Stremler, R., Hodnett, E., Lee, K., MacMillan, S., Mill, C., Ongcangco, L., & Willan, A. (2006). A behavioraleducational intervention to promote maternal and infant sleep: A pilot randomized, controlled trial. Sleep, 29(12), 1609–1615.
Symon, B. G., Marley, J. E., Martin, A. J., & Norman, E. R. (2005). Effect of a consultation teaching behaviour modification on sleep performance in infants: A randomised controlled trial. The Medical Journal of Australia, 182(5), 215–218.
Thomas, J. H., Moore, M., & Mindell, J. A. (2014). Controversies in behavioral treatment of sleep problems in young children. Sleep Medicine Clinics, 9(2), 251–259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsmc.2014.02.004
Tribeca Pediatrics (n.d.). The two-month visit. https://www.tribecapediatrics.com/previsit/2-month-visit/
Webb, S. J., Monk, C. S., & Nelson, C. A. (2001). Mechanisms of postnatal neurobiological development: Implications for human development. Developmental Neuropsychology, 19(2), 147-171.
Weir, I. K., & Dinnick, S. (1988). Behaviour modification in the treatment of sleep problems occurring in young children: A controlled trial using health visitors as therapists. Child: Care, Health and Development, 14(5), 355.
Weissbluth, M. (2015). Health sleep habits, Happy child (4th Edition). Ballantine