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86. What can coaches legally do?
Episode 8619th January 2023 • On Your Terms • Sam Vander Wielen
00:00:00 00:12:17

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In this episode of Sam’s Sidebar, I dive into the legal boundaries of what coaches can and cannot do. I explain what scope of practice is and why it is important for coaches and other professionals in the industry to be aware of it. I also offer information on how coaches can better educate, empower, and encourage their clients while staying within the confines of the law.

In this episode, you’ll hear…

  • What scope of practice is and why it matters
  • What coaches can legally do for their clients
  • How to ensure you stay within your scope of practice
  • Ways to legally grow your coaching business within the confines of your scope 

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Click here to find the full show notes and transcript for this episode.

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DISCLAIMER: Although Sam is an attorney she doesn’t practice law and can’t give you legal advice. All episodes of On Your Terms are educational and informational only. The information discussed here isn’t legal advice and isn’t intended to be. The info you hear here isn’t a substitute for seeking legal advice from your own attorney.

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Transcripts

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Hey there, and welcome back to another episode of Sam's Sidebar, where I tackle your

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essential legal questions about starting and growing a legally protected online business

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in ten minutes or less.

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this week, you'll hear all about what coaches can legally do.

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In other words, what they can legally talk about, work on with their clients, offer as

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services, talk about in terms of content, all that good stuff.

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this week's question comes from our listener, Leslie, who asks, "Hi, Sam.

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I have a question relating to suggesting health and nutrition advice as a health coach.

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I understand you can only provide specific meal plans if you're an RD, but how do you

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communicate -" sorry "- how do you educate or recommend?

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What's the language you would use if you do want to talk about nutrition or meals?

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Can I give them recipes as a suggestion or can I tell them what I would do or what I would

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normally eat is X, Y, or Z?" Okay.

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That is a great question, Leslie.

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before we hop in, I want to talk about the fact that this episode is for you even if

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you're not in the health and wellness field.

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First and foremost, I want to clear up the nasty rumor that I do not only work with

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health and wellness people.

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I have health and wellness coaches, of course, of all varieties.

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But I also work with everybody from career coaches, and life coaches, and money coaches,

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business coaches, all kinds of things, as well as professionals like RDs, and

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nutritionist, doctors, nurses, all kinds of people.

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And we work with course creators and bloggers, food blogger, all kinds of things.

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So, I just wanted to throw that out there.

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also, because scope of practice is for you if you do anything in the coaching industry.

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If you talk about life, health, money, dating, business, accounting, legal, anything, you

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have to know about scope.

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So, okay, with that, let's dive in.

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talk about what scope of practice is and why it matters for your business.

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Scope of practice is just the kind of fancy legal term for what you can legally do, say,

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and teach in your business based on two different things.

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One, your state's laws or all the different state's laws and regulations.

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And two, what type or level of education, license, qualification, or certification you

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have for what you're talking about in your business.

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if you're a coach or you want to be, you can only do what a coach can do.

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So, even if you have people sign legal agreements saying that they know, for example,

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that you're not their doctor, their lawyer, their therapists, their accountant, their

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nutritionists, you still can't do things that only those professionals can do.

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I think sometimes people get confused because they're like, "Well, I told them I'm a

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health coach, and then I had them sign a contract that says I'm not their doctor.

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So then, I went and read their labs.

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Isn't that fine?" It's like, No, no, no.

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We have to do as we say and say as we do and all that good stuff.

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what then can coaches do?

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So, if you know me at all, you know that I always focus more on what we can do and how

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can we actually grow our businesses within the legal confines of doing so safely.

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So, the simplest answer about what a coach can do is that a coach can legally educate,

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empower, encourage - in other words, be a coach - and share resources.

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like to think of a coach as somebody who holds a flashlight in front of their client and

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maybe even holds their hand and guides them to illuminate their path in front of them to

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navigate it together.

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And that the coach is there to support the person as things might pop up along the path.

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But the coach isn't telling the client where to walk or what path to take.

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coaches can't diagnose, treat, cure, or offer to prevent things when it comes to health

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and wellness, when it comes to other stuff other than health and wellness, like legal,

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accounting, business stuff, therapy.

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We have to be really, really careful that we're not doing things that those hovering

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professions above us can do and only they can do.

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When it comes to health and wellness of people, too, we can't create custom plans or tell

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people what to do.

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And that goes way beyond health even because we can't offer to cure somebody's financial

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situation with an investment plan if you're not a certified financial planner.

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Or we can't offer to cure their debt following our system or our way of budgeting.

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So, this goes beyond health and wellness.

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does mean for those of you in health and wellness that you can't create a meal plan

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specifically since that's what Leslie asked about, because that's telling people what to

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eat. We can't tell people where to invest their money because that would be advice.

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We can't sell them a supplement because that's telling them that they need it.

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You would be basically diagnosing that they need it and then offering some sort of cure

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or healing treatment through offering up a supplement.

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I'll put my health coaching hat back on for a sec.

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In case you didn't know, I had my own health coaching business when I left the law for

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about a year. And I'll tell you how I did it or how I would do it now.

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let's say somebody came to me and they had been diagnosed by their physician or a medical

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professional with diabetes, and they've been told now to follow a low carb plan.

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But the doctor kind of forgot to mention what a carb was and our client doesn't know

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either. So, as their coach, I could help them to better understand what foods fall under

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carb, what foods are protein, what's fat.

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And I can help them to make choices that are in alignment with the diagnosis and the kind

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of the care plan - the low carb plan in this example - that are following that doctor's

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recommendation.

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any of this stuff. I was just trying to come up with an example.

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I would also help them to maybe come up with a grocery list, teach them some shopping

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trips. I would teach them probably meal prep tips about how they could better prepare

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their food during the week so that they could be prepared, because, you know, maybe a lot

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of low carb options take more time.

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Or I would teach them about cauliflower rice as an awesome swap for regular rice,

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something like that.

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truth is that people are so confused and overwhelmed about their businesses, their

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health, their careers, their love lives, everything that they need your help.

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They need you. And so, sure, you might not be able to give them, like, a meal plan or

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financial advice.

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But your ideal client, that's probably not what they need, to be honest.

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They really need you to help them to self-actualize.

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They need to be empowered with the information that they need to succeed so that they

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don't need you by their side for the rest of their lives because they're going to need to

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make these kinds of choices when they're out and about or in the real life.

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in terms of what you would need to have in place to legally cover yourself, even if

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you're staying within your scope of practice, well, you would have to have a properly

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formed business, probably an LLC, if that's the best choice for you.

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A solid legal contract with all of your customers and clients, that, yes, of course, it

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would have language in there saying that you're not their doctor or you're not their

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lawyer or whatever, that would be very important.

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then, now that you've listened to this, you know that you also have to do that.

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We would also get you business insurance that would cover your financial expenses in your

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business if you were ever to be sued.

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And you would learn your scope to make sure you're staying within your scope of practice

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on your website, in your social posts and emails.

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you want to dive even deeper into this topic of scope of practice, really figure out what

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your scope of practice is and how to stay within it, I recommend going back and listening

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to Episode 2 and Episode 69 of my podcast, On Your Terms, because I dove really deep.

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So, you're going to want to start with 2, that was the first part.

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And the second part was Episode 69.

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also teach you all of this inside of the Ultimate Bundle.

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I've got entire trainings dedicated to scope of practice inside the Bundle, and I give

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you all of those contracts and policies that you need to cover you, too.

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also got big news for you as we wrap up today.

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My first live legal training of the year happens in less than two weeks.

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If you liked today's episode, you'll want to go save your seat to How To Legally Protect

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steps that you need to take to legally protect yourself, your business's money, and your

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You can register now in the link below for free.

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I can't wait to see you there.

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I'll even be taking questions live at the end.

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If you can't make any of the live times, be sure to sign up anyway because you'll get the

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replay, and that's the only way to get the replay.

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you so much for joining me on this episode of Sam's Sidebar.

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Check out the show notes below for related blog posts, resources, and episodes of On Your

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Terms. I post every single Monday and Thursday.

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Thank you so much. If you have a question that you want me to answer any future Sam's

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Sidebar episode, submit it using the link in the show notes.

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Thanks so much. I'll see you next week.

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so much for listening to the On Your Terms Podcast.

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Make sure to follow on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, or wherever you like to listen to

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podcasts. You can also check out all of our podcast episodes, show notes, links, and more

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at samvanderwielen.com/podcast.

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You can learn more about legally protecting your business and take my free legal

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workshop, Five Steps to Legally Protect and Grow Your Online Business at

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samvanderwielen.com. And to stay connected and follow along, follow me on Instagram,

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@samvanderwielen, and send me a DM to say

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hi.

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remember that although I am a attorney, I am not your attorney and I am not offering you

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legal advice in today's episode.

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This episode and all of my episodes are informational and educational only.

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It is not a substitute for seeking out your own advice from your own lawyer.

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And please keep in mind that I can't offer you legal advice.

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I don't ever offer any legal services.