“For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous and his ears are attentive to their prayer, but the face of the Lord is against those who do evil.”
The Lord’s Prayer pt 6
We have been studying the Lord’s Prayer in Matthew 6:8-13. Today, let’s look at the conclusion of verse 13, “For thine is the Kingdom and the power and the Glory forever. Amen.”
Some denominations and some translations of the Bible omit this verse. Their reasoning is it was not found in early Greek translations. But yet, it was included by some of the early church fathers. This closing in Matthew’s prayer is simply a doxology that was adapted to recognize God as Supreme over all things.
In the oldest copies of Matthew’s prayer as compared to Luke’s prayer, they are virtually identical with the exception of the closing doxology. So, why did Matthew include the doxology and Luke did not?
The answer is simple if you will look at the settings described in the actual scripture. Remember, Luke was not present. His book is based on interviews he did with numerous people, including the disciples and then he compiled his book.
Matthew’s setting was the “Sermon on the Mount.” In that teaching, Jesus focused on three things.
1. The Kingdom of Heaven belongs to God.
2. The sin of self-glorification, and
3. The laying up of treasure in Heaven
The doxology in Matthew’s version of the prayer is because the doxology relates to those teachings that Jesus was emphasizing to that audience and in that setting.
When we look at the prayer in Luke’s account, it was given in response to a direct request from the disciples for Jesus to instruct them in prayer. Luke was, basically, a reporter. He recorded what other said.
Could it be that some of the people he interviewed did not include the doxology while others did? If that were the case, Luke, astute as he was, may have decided to only write down the parts that everyone agreed with. Which was the prayer without the doxology included.
Matthew, on the other hand, may have written the same prayer exactly like it was recorded in Luke, without the doxology. But oral traditions included it as an additional praise to God.
As oral traditions tend to be passed down generation to generation, ultimately, there came the time when all of the books were assembled into what we now call the Bible. Instead of cutting out portions of scripture, the editors decided to keep both intact.
The Lord’s Prayer was, basically the same. Except for the doxology. It was evident in Matthew’s Gospel, but not Luke’s Gospel. But Matthew “was there” – but it was just one person’s point of view. But Matthew as an “eye witness.”
Luke, submitted his Gospel as a sort of “evidence testimony” from numerous sources. He left the doxology out. But all other aspects remained the same.
Does the doxology add to or subtract from the effectiveness of the prayer? No.
So, the doxology is included in the first-hand account from Matthew as part of his testimony. Luke’s testimony and compilation of those he interviewed has left it out. But we still can conclude this IS the Lord’s Prayer! Amen!
It is sort of like evidence and testimony in the court room. Two people may have witnessed the same event, but have two different perspectives on it. But both agree to the evidence presented. That allows the jury to decide if their testimony is true.
That is what we are doing here. THIS IS THE LORD’s PRAYER as He taught His disciples to pray “after this manner.” Remember that from back in part one?
We are not to recite this as a word for word method of praying. Jesus said, “after this manner.” This is to be a prototype of how we should FRAME our prayers. Not recite our prayers.
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