Join Shawn and Alex as they provide a basic background of what Autism is, for all the parents that are new to the world of Autism and have just started there journey. They cover the definition and diagnostic criteria, Autism statistics, common symptoms, and a few of the common therapies and interventions. Let us make sure our entire community understands some basic background before we conquer some of the major topics.
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Definition of Autism (From the DSM5):
DSM-5 Autism Diagnostic Criteria
A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, as manifested by the following, currently or by history (examples are illustrative, not exhaustive, see text):
Specify current severity: Severity is based on social communication impairments and restricted repetitive patterns of behavior. (See table below.)
B. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities, as manifested by at least two of the following, currently or by history (examples are illustrative, not exhaustive; see text):
Specify current severity: Severity is based on social communication impairments and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior. (See table below.)
C. Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period (but may not become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities or may be masked by learned strategies in later life).
D. Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning.
E. These disturbances are not better explained by intellectual disability (intellectual developmental disorder) or global developmental delay. Intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder frequently co-occur; to make comorbid diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability, social communication should be below that expected for general developmental level.
Types of Therapy Discussed
* Discrete trial training (DTT) uses simple lessons and positive reinforcement.
* Pivotal response training (PRT) helps develop motivation to learn and communicate.
* Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is best for children under age 5.
* Verbal behavior intervention (VBI) focuses on language skills.
* Relationship-Based Approach (DIR). This kind of treatment is better known as Floortime.
* The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
* Sensory Integration Therapy.
Definition of Autism - https://www.autismspeaks.org/autism-diagnosis-criteria-dsm-5
Autism Stats - https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html