The fixed mindset says that intelligence, talent, ability, and performance are all firmly determined from cradle to grave—they can’t change or grow. You are what you are, and if you don’t have something by now, you’ll never have it.
This leads to a whole lot of roadblocks in the process itself, because what’s the purpose in trying if you don’t think you have it in you?
The growth mindset is fundamentally different because it assumes change and growth are possible. Whatever and wherever you are right now is just a starting place from which to develop and improve. In this approach, nothing is impossible because it takes the position that learning and growth are always rewarded in some way.