Do you want to know how to recognize Bees in your garden and neighborhood? Do you want to plant flowers that will invite more bees to your garden? I’m super excited because for Earth Week, it’s April 27,2019. I have the Assistant Professor Pollinator Health Extension from the Department of Horticulture | Oregon State University, Dr. Andony Melathopoulos from the Pollination Podcast!
Oh there’s more then one bee?! When I do master gardener training is I help people identify 5 bees that are in North America. When you garden for bees it gets kind of complicated. If you can identify these 5 bees then you can go visit a neighbor’s garden and say oh! I see that bee on this plant.
I’m in beautiful Oregon
looking out the window in Oregon
I was an urban kid, I remember I come from a Greek immigrant family. I remember my aunts and uncles having great tomatoes and going to Greece and the produce there that just tastes wonderful.
I remember starting to do it myself in my late 20s in the most northern part of Canada
In the Peace River District where we would get a frost August first so we grew a lot of Kale!
Where is that? Nova Scotia or the Yukon?
It’s mile 0 of the Alaska Highway. It’s the most northern growing area in the US.
the one things that lovely when it hits solstice.
sun dips down around three and then just pops up again
The downside is you’re always dodging the frost
One year I had the audacity to grow tomatoes and the ones that grew they were the size of a marble I was like I’m learning!
What could you grow? Could you grow potatoes?
I was working at the aG Canada research stations
You have to adapt your gardening for it, it’s tricky, but there are ways to get around things. People were always pushing your envelope
For me as a beginning gardener I struck to the fundamentals
Me too, I stick to cherry tomatoes in Montana.
This is how I start it off
the first thing we are confronted with these plant lists. You can go anywhere on the internet and type pollinators and plants and they spit out these lists
problem with the lists
There’s lots of good plants on them
there are not just honey bees
I get calls all the time
different groups bees and wasps are closely related
thing with bees
if it’s carrying pollen on it’s body
not all bees do
radical turn towards the flowers
yellow jackets and hornets are not bees
mason bees (you had a great episode on mason bees!)
There are 800 bees
If you go on your goldenrod
little specs with a white dot on their face you’d never think they were bees
they’re so small!
If you go to your golden rod in the late summer
you’ll see a spec with a dot
little critters going from flower to flower those are bees
They’re not going to be out at the same time of year
coming out at different times of year
just getting a plant list aint gonna cut it you are going to need to pay attention to the bees in your backyard!
Once you see those five bees, then you can poke around your neighborhood and say this bee is on that flower and start to fill out your garden with plants that are really specific to your area
come up with something that works!
Awesome! is that including the tiny one we can’t see? or five others?!
So I gave you six! Bonus just for you!
I would start first of all there’s some confusing things because lots of people want to trade on the bee brand
number of genera that look like bees
look at their heads and legs
females do, some carry on their bellies
great bio control for aphids every organic gardener should be watching for these
real sign that maybe aphid potion
they will hover
flies and wasps look like them
There’s a couple of things that look like them
flies and wasps
real like the bumble bees
They carry polling a little basket
The females have a spoon on their back leg so they pack the pollen, so it looks like a little lentil
Everyone knows the bumble bees they’re really fuzzy!
Only thing you can get confused with in the southern US are carpenter bees that looks a little similar
look a little
bumble bees are gonna carry pollen in their back legs.
Bumble bees big and furry in a few places carpenter bees look like them
lentil shaped pellets
In Oregon we have close to 30 different species all have different color patterns. Carrying pollen in their back legs.
I just have a quick question about the flies? You want the flies, or if you see the flies you should be concerned because you’re getting aphids or it’s a good thing because if you have aphids they are eating them?
A lot of the same flowers that attract the bees are going to feed those adults so to find those aphids they are going to run off nectar. They go to your flowers looking for nectar and poppin off aphids!
If you start to see them pop up in density, check your plants out
There’s a lot of good aphid controlling insects. It’s one of the
(I’m not a pest management expert)
one of the easiest things to control organically with natural predators if you wait a bit they are going to find them
They’re good and any of the garden tips are really generalists will go to shallow flower to nectar
When you see them and check the plants out if they are hovering around something if you see them you may say omgosh the aphids! they are going to take care of your aphids.
The next bee you talked about a group you talked about in a previous episode
It’s a big group.
I keep picturing Bee Movie and the Pollen Jocks
I love it that Jerry Seinfeld had one thing, after he finished Seinfeld there was one project he wanted to do, which was make the BEE Movie.
Because of Bee MOVIE when I’m down there watching our bees I notice the pollen jocks. We have had a hard time with keeping honeybees alive. I think it’s because my neighbors spray pesticides but we’re not sure.
Honey bees are tricky.
So many things you can do. bees do
There are all sorts of tools
He just talked about the history of bee keeping, there is an amazing long history of people keeping bees! It’s amazing!
we have a survey where we don’t ask beginning bee keepers why they are not successful. Most often they don’t feed them enough
80% of the situations the colonies run out of food
He started a magazine called
beekeeping in your first three years
If you think your gonna watch some youtube
It really does require mentorship, it’s tricky to get up and running. You can have these problems like a neighbor who sprays pesticide
You need a strong skill set to pull it off
I always worry there’s a lot of people getting into bees because of conservation purposes.
I am not going to convince you
Don’t want to persuade anyone from beekeeping.
We were talking about bumble bees
moest bees are solitary
There’s no queen. A little nest not very big
no nest mates one female doing all the work
When you’re doing honeybees you’re like I know about bees
no, no, no
All the rest of the bees are so different in the ways! They’re all collecting bees.
That interview I did with Olivia from Mason bees? Do you think we will have more success with the honeybees.
Out there in Montana.
I’m an albertan
run out of state
Montana and Alberta honey is some of the nicest on the planet
It’s so mild it smells like cinnamon
I totally get it
getting fresh honey and be able to put it on toast
It’s super healthy for you, it’s good for your immune system and if you want natural sugar and I think there are people who say a teaspoon of sugar a day is good for you.
easier for digestion