Why do some countries experience growth, while others don’t? The answer is that countries are not ordered in the same way, or as an economist would say; their institutional arrangements differ, and that leads to different outcomes. This in not just a theoretical point, it is in fact highly empirically observable. In today’s episode we will meet three laurates that made just such observations; Simon Smith Kuznets who are not just famous for two curves, but also for spearheading the creation of essential empirical data, such a national income accounts. Theodore Schultz, an agricultural economist who showed why human capital matters, and finally Douglas North. The first historian to win the price, and a person that teaches us to take time seriously.